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Distributional trade-offs between regionally equitable and cost-efficient allocation of renewable electricity generation

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Published in Applied Energy. 2019, vol. 254, p. 113724
Abstract Decentralized renewable electricity generation (DREG) has been growing at an unprecedented pace, yet the appropriate spatial allocation and associated regional equity implications remain underinvestigated. In this study, we quantify the trade-offs between cost-efficient (least-cost) and regionally equitable DREG allocation in terms of electricity generation costs, investment needs, and DREG capacity requirements. Using the case of the ambitious and publicly-approved Swiss Energy Strategy 2050, we set up a bottom-up, technology-rich electricity system model EXPANSE with Modeling to Generate Alternatives at a spatial resolution of 2’258 Swiss municipalities. In order to measure regional equity implication, we adapt the concepts of the Lorenz curve and the Gini coefficient. We find a significant trade-off by 2035 in Switzerland: 50% increase in regional equity when allocating DREG to various Swiss regions on the basis of population or electricity demand leads to 18% higher electricity generation costs. Least-cost allocation implies concentrating DREG and associated investments to few most productive locations only. Solar PV is the key technology for increasing regional equity. We conclude that in countries with spatially-uneven DREG resources like Switzerland, any policies that focus on cost efficiency should anticipate regional equity implications in advance and, if desired, minimize them by promoting solar PV.
Keywords Decentralized renewable electricity generationSpatial modelingRegional equitySolar PVDistributional impactsEnergy justice
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Structures
Research groups ISE Energie
FORE10 Renewable Energy Systems
ISE Pôle Sciences
Project FNS: 160563
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SASSE, Jan-Philipp, TRUTNEVYTE, Evelina. Distributional trade-offs between regionally equitable and cost-efficient allocation of renewable electricity generation. In: Applied Energy, 2019, vol. 254, p. 113724. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113724 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:121756

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Deposited on : 2019-08-21

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