Scientific article

The Emergence of Universal Chromatographic Methods in the Research and Development of New Drug Substances

Published inAccounts of Chemical Research, vol. 52, no. 7, p. 1990-2002
Publication date2019

Manufacturing process development of new drug substances in the pharmaceutical industry combines numerous chemical challenges beyond the efficient synthesis of complex molecules. Optimization of a synthetic route involves the screening of multiple reaction variables with a desired outcome that not only depends on an increased product yield but is also highly influenced by the removal efficacy of residual chemicals and reaction byproducts during the subsequent synthetic route. Consequently, organic chemists must survey a wide array of synthetic variables to develop a highly productive, green, and cost-effective manufacturing process. The time constraints of developing robust quantitative methods prior to each processing step can easily lead to sample analysis becoming a bottleneck in synthetic route development. In this regard, conventional “on demand” analytical method development and optimization approaches, traditionally used for guiding synthetic chemistry efforts, become unsustainable. This Account introduces recent efforts to address the aforementioned challenges through the development and implementation of generic or more universal chromatographic methods that can cover a broad spectrum of targeted compound classes. Such generic methods require significant resolving power to enable baseline resolution of multicomponent mixtures in a single experimental run without additional method customization but must be simple enough to allow for routine use by chemists,chemical engineers and other researchers with little experience in chromatographic method development. These powerful analytical methodologies are often employed to minimize the time spent developing new analytical assays, while also facilitating method transfer to manufacturing facilities and application in regulatory settings. Diverse examples of universal and fit-for-purpose analytical procedures are presented herein, illustrating the power of modern readily available analytical technology for streamlining the development of new drug substances in organic chemistry laboratories across both academic and industrial sectors. With recent advances in analytical instrumentation and column technologies, universal chromatographic methods are quickly becoming a proactive and effective strategy to accelerate the discovery and implementation of new synthetic methodologies, especially but not limited to laboratories where the synthetic process route is undergoing rapid change and optimization. Targets of these generic methods include analysis of organic solvents, acid and basic additives, nucleotide species, palladium scavengers, impurity mapping, enantiopurity, synthetic intermediates, active pharmaceutical ingredients and their counterions, dehalogenation byproducts, and mixtures of organohalogenated pharmaceuticals, among other chemicals used or formed in process chemistry reactions.

Citation (ISO format)
REGALADO, Erik L. et al. The Emergence of Universal Chromatographic Methods in the Research and Development of New Drug Substances. In: Accounts of Chemical Research, 2019, vol. 52, n° 7, p. 1990–2002. doi: 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00068
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0001-4842

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