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Wind turbines and health: a review with suggested recommendations

Published in Environnement, Risques et Santé. 2019, vol. 18, no. 2, p. 149-159
Abstract Wind energy has considerable potential worldwide; however, several health concerns are associated with its development. Based on a structured search of the international scientific literature, this review investigates the main health concerns, grouped into the following categories: noise, infrasound and low-frequency sounds, wind turbine syndrome, stroboscopic effect and shadow flicker, safety, landscape impacts, and real estate prices. There is a geographical mismatch between the globally positive aspects of wind farm development and the possible health effects on the neighbourhood, which are the focus of this review. Health complaints are often difficult to link firmly to the activity of adjacent wind farms, with the exception of annoyance caused by noise pollution. Part of the negative health effects reported by local populations may be influenced by the so-called nocebo effect. However, discomfort and suffering should always be addressed and taken seriously into account by decision- makers and public health officials. The distribution of economic and health-related advantages and inconveniences should be perceived as being fair. This article concludes with a 9-point list of recommendations for the development of wind power in a context favourable to health.
Keywords Renewable energyWindQuality of lifeEnvironmental policyHealthNoise.
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Other version: https://www.jle.com/10.1684/ers.2019.1281
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SIMOS, Jean et al. Wind turbines and health: a review with suggested recommendations. In: Environnement, Risques et Santé, 2019, vol. 18, n° 2, p. 149-159. doi: 10.1684/ers.2019.1281 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:120355

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Deposited on : 2019-07-04

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