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Reliability of a two-colour chewing gum test to assess masticatory performance in complete denture wearers

Silva, L C
Nogueira, T E
Rios, L F
Leles, C R
Published in Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. 2018, vol. 45, no. 4, p. 301-307
Abstract The aim of this study was to test the reliability of a method to measure the masticatory performance of complete denture wearers employing a colour-mixing ability test and assessment by visual and electronic colourimetric analysis. A sample of 75 subjects was selected from patients who received new conventional complete dentures. Masticatory tests were performed using a two-colour chewing gum that was masticated for 5, 10, 20, 30 and 50 chewing cycles, performed in a random order. The mixing level of the two colours of the chewed gum was assessed visually by two independent raters based on a 5-point ordinal scale. The specimens were flattened into a 1-mm-width wafer, scanned and saved as a two-sided digital image. Each pair of images was submitted to an electronic colourimetric analysis to assess the level of colour mixture, measured by the circular variance of hue (VOH). Overall inter- and intra-rater agreements in visual analysis were 64% and 68%, respectively (almost 99% of scores ranged within ±1 point), whilst overall weighted kappa was >0.80. A proportional increase in the level of mixture occurred with increased number of chewing cycles (P < .001). Similarly, VOH and the visual analysis were highly correlated (r = -.89; P < .001). Bland-Altman plots revealed excellent agreement and extremely low systematic error between duplicated VOH measures. It was concluded that the two-colour chewing gum test is a reliable method to assess the masticatory performance in complete denture wearers using both visual and electronic colourimetric analyses.
Keywords AdultAgedBite ForceChewing GumColorColorimetryDentureCompleteFemaleHumansImage ProcessingComputer-AssistedMaleMastication/physiologyMiddle AgedObserver VariationParticle SizeReproducibility of ResultsTime Factors
PMID: 29356092
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SILVA, L C et al. Reliability of a two-colour chewing gum test to assess masticatory performance in complete denture wearers. In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 2018, vol. 45, n° 4, p. 301-307. doi: 10.1111/joor.12609

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Deposited on : 2019-06-27

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