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Evaluation of donor kidneys prior to transplantation: An update of current and emerging methods

Sun, Pamela
Published in Transplant international. 2019, vol. 32, no. 5, p. 459-469
Abstract The lack of suitable kidney donor organs has led to rising numbers of patients with end stage renal disease waiting for kidney transplantation. Despite decades of clinical experience and research, no evaluation process that can reliably predict the outcome of an organ has yet been established. This review is an overview of current methods and emerging techniques in the field of donor kidney evaluation prior to transplantation. Established techniques like histological evaluation, clinical scores, and machine perfusion systems offer relatively reliable predictions of delayed graft function but are unable to consistently predict graft survival. Emerging techniques including molecular biomarkers, new imaging technologies, and normothermic machine perfusion offer innovative approaches toward a more global evaluation of an organ with better outcome prediction and possibly even identification of targets for therapeutic interventions prior to transplantation. These techniques should be studied in randomized controlled trials to determine whether they can be safely used in routine clinical practice to ultimately reduce the discard rate and improve graft outcomes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 30903673
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Research groups Cultures cellulaires et transplantations (519)
Groupe Lazeyras Francois (IRM fonctionnelle et métabolique) (539)
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MOECKLI, Beat et al. Evaluation of donor kidneys prior to transplantation: An update of current and emerging methods. In: Transplant International, 2019, vol. 32, n° 5, p. 459-469. doi: 10.1111/tri.13430 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:120076

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Deposited on : 2019-06-26

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