Scientific article
Open access

Artificial liver support systems: what is new over the last decade?

Published inAnnals of Intensive Care, vol. 8, no. 1, 109
Publication date2018

The liver is a complex organ that performs vital functions of synthesis, heat production, detoxification and regulation; its failure carries a highly critical risk. At the end of the last century, some artificial liver devices began to develop with the aim of being used as supportive therapy until liver transplantation (bridge-to-transplant) or liver regeneration (bridge-to-recovery). The well-recognized devices are the Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System™ (MARS™), the Single-Pass Albumin Dialysis system and the Fractionated Plasma Separation and Adsorption system (Prometheus™). In the following years, experimental works and early clinical applications were reported, and to date, many thousands of patients have already been treated with these devices. The ability of artificial liver support systems to replace the liver detoxification function, at least partially, has been proven, and the correction of various biochemical parameters has been demonstrated. However, the complex tasks of regulation and synthesis must be addressed through the use of bioartificial systems, which still face several developmental problems and very high production costs. Moreover, clinical data on improved survival are conflicting. This paper reviews the progress achieved and new data published on artificial liver support systems over the past decade and the prospects for these devices.

Citation (ISO format)
GARCIA MARTINEZ, Juan José, BENDJELID, Karim. Artificial liver support systems: what is new over the last decade? In: Annals of Intensive Care, 2018, vol. 8, n° 1, p. 109. doi: 10.1186/s13613-018-0453-z
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2110-5820

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