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Opposite regulation of inhibition by adult-born granule cells during implicit versus explicit olfactory learning

Published ineLife, vol. 7
Publication date2018
Abstract

Both passive exposure and active learning through reinforcement enhance fine sensory discrimination abilities. In the olfactory system, this enhancement is thought to occur partially through the integration of adult-born inhibitory interneurons resulting in a refinement of the representation of overlapping odorants. Here, we identify in mice a novel and unexpected dissociation between passive and active learning at the level of adult-born granule cells. Specifically, while both passive and active learning processes augment neurogenesis, adult-born cells differ in their morphology, functional coupling and thus their impact on olfactory bulb output. Morphological analysis, optogenetic stimulation of adult-born neurons and mitral cell recordings revealed that passive learning induces increased inhibitory action by adult-born neurons, probably resulting in more sparse and thus less overlapping odor representations. Conversely, after active learning inhibitory action is found to be diminished due to reduced connectivity. In this case, strengthened odor response might underlie enhanced discriminability.

Citation (ISO format)
MANDAIRON, Nathalie et al. Opposite regulation of inhibition by adult-born granule cells during implicit versus explicit olfactory learning. In: eLife, 2018, vol. 7. doi: 10.7554/eLife.34976
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ISSN of the journal2050-084X
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Creation11/19/2018 5:27:00 PM
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