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Title

Effect of untreated urban effluents on the accumulation of toxic metals in river sediments under tropical conditions: Funa River, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Authors
Kayembe, John M.
Bokwokwo, Merveille I.
Sivalingam, Periyasamy
Ngelinkoto, Patience
Otamonga, Jean-Paul
Mulaji, Crispin K.
Mubedi, Josué I.
Published in Water and Environment Journal. 2019
Abstract The objective of the present study was to assess the status of surface sediments from Funa River. Sediment samples were characterized for physicochemical parameters including grain size, organic matter and toxic metals. The result revealed high metal concentrations in river sediments, reaching values of 154.19, 186.00, 1105.34, 3.69, 548.02 and 5.45 mg kg-1 for Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and Hg, respectively. A strong correlation was observed between analyzed metals and organic matter suggesting that these contaminants could have originated from common sources with a similar transport pathway. Based on the Sediment Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life (SQGs), Funa River is considered as highly polluted with toxic metals indicating the potential environmental and human health risk. The results of this research represent a useful tool to assess the sediment quality of urban river receiving system which can be applied to similar environment.
Keywords Human and environmental riskSediment contaminationToxic metalsTropical conditionsUrban and hospital effluentsWater pollution
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Research group FORE9 Environmental microbiology
Project FNS: 31003A_173281 / 1
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KAYEMBE, John M. et al. Effect of untreated urban effluents on the accumulation of toxic metals in river sediments under tropical conditions: Funa River, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. In: Water and Environment Journal, 2019. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:115796

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Deposited on : 2019-04-08

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