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Generic and context-dependent gene modulations during Hydra whole body regeneration

Number of pages27
Publication date2019
Abstract

The cnidarian Hydra is a classical model of whole-body regeneration. Historically, Hydra apical regeneration has received more attention than its basal counterpart, most studies considering these two regenerative processes independently. We present here a transcriptome-wide comparative analysis of apical and basal regeneration after decapitation and mid-gastric bisection, augmented with a characterization of positional and cell-type expression patterns in non-regenerating animals. The profiles of 25'637 Hydra transcripts are available on HydrATLAS (https://hydratlas.unige.ch), a web interface allowing a convenient access to each transcript profile. These data indicate that generic impulse-type modulations occur during the first four hours post-amputation, consistent with a similar integration of injury-related cues on both sides of the amputation plane. Initial divergences in gene regulations are observed in regenerating tips between four and eight hours post-amputation, followed by a dramatic transcriptomic reprogramming between eight and 16 hours when regulations become sustained. As expected, central components of apical patterning, Wnt3 and HyBra1, are among the earliest genes up-regulated during apical regeneration. During early basal regeneration, a BMP signaling ligand (BMP5-8c) and a potential BMP inhibitor (NBL1) are up-regulated, suggesting that BMP signaling is involved in the basal organizer, as supported by higher levels of phosphorylated Smad in the basal region and by the LiCl-induced extension of NBL1 expression. By contrast, upon ectopic activation of Wnt/b-catenin signaling, NBL1 is no longer expressed, basal differentiation is not maintained and basal regeneration is abolished. A tight cross-talk between Wnt/b-catenin apically and BMP signaling basally appears necessary for maintaining and regenerating Hydra anatomy.

eng
Keywords
  • Regeneration
  • Transcriptomics
  • RNA-seq
  • Wnt signaling
  • BMP signaling
  • Hydra
  • Basal organizer
  • Apical organizer
NoteSoumis dans : BioRxiv
Citation (ISO format)
WENGER, Yvan et al. Generic and context-dependent gene modulations during <i>Hydra</i> whole body regeneration. 2019, p. 27. doi: 10.1101/587147
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