en
Scientific article
English

Olfactory neuroblastoma: a single-center experience

Published inNeurosurgical Review, vol. 41, no. 1, p. 323-331
Publication date2018
Abstract

Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a potentially curable disease, despite being an aggressive malignancy with a poor natural history. Our goal was to evaluate management outcomes for patients with ONB treated at our institution. Our prospective database for brain tumors and the pathology registry of head and neck cancers at Oslo University Hospital were searched to identify all patients treated for ONB between 1998 and 2016. Variables extracted from these databases, supplemented by retrospective chart reviews, underwent thorough analysis. All cases were formally re-examined by a dedicated head and neck pathologist. Twenty patients were identified. Follow-up was 100%. Mean follow-up was 81.5 months for the entire cohort and 120.3 months for patients with no evidence of disease. Fourteen patients underwent treatment of choice including craniofacial resection (CFR) with or without radiotherapy (XRT). Six patients could only receive less extensive treatment; three patients underwent lateral rhinotomy (LR) with or without XRT after being deemed medically unsuitable for CFR, while another three patients received only supportive, non-surgical treatment (due to positive lymph node status in two and to extensive tumor size in one case). Overall and disease-specific survival rates were 100% after 10 years of follow-up when negative surgical margins were achieved by CFR. Positive margins were associated with poorer outcome with no patients surviving longer than 44 months. Long-term survival was also achieved in two cases among patients not eligible for CFR: one case after radical LR and one case after radio-chemotherapy. Advanced disease at presentation (tumor size ≥40 mm, Kadish grades C and D, or TNM IVa and IVb) and positive surgical margins were correlated to significantly dismal survival. Our study suggests that CFR with or without adjuvant XRT is safe and leads to excellent long-time overall and disease-specific survival. Negative surgical margins, tumor size <40 mm, Kadish stage A/B, and TNM stages I-III are independent prognostic predictors of outcome.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory/diagnosis/mortality/therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nasal Cavity
  • Norway
  • Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis/mortality/therapy
  • Prognosis
  • Survival Rate
Citation (ISO format)
KÖNIG, Marton et al. Olfactory neuroblastoma: a single-center experience. In: Neurosurgical Review, 2018, vol. 41, n° 1, p. 323–331. doi: 10.1007/s10143-017-0859-3
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ISSN of the journal0344-5607
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Creation11/29/2018 10:44:00 PM
First validation11/29/2018 10:44:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 4:02:55 PM
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