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Cardiovascular responses to dry apnoeas at exercise in air and in pure oxygen

Taboni, Anna
Vinetti, Giovanni
Bruseghini, Paolo
Camelio, Stefano
D'Elia, Matteo
Fagoni, Nazzareno
Published in Respiratory physiology & neurobiology. 2018, vol. 255, p. 17-21
Abstract If, as postulated, the end of the steady state phase (φ2) of cardiovascular responses to apnoea corresponds to the physiological breaking point, then we may hypothesize that φ2 should become visible if exercise apnoeas are performed in pure oxygen. We tested this hypothesis on 9 professional divers by means of continuous recording of blood pressure (BP), heart rate (fH), stroke volume (QS), and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) during dry maximal exercising apnoeas in ambient air and in oxygen. Apnoeas lasted 45.0 ± 16.9 s in air and 77.0 ± 28.9 s in oxygen (p < 0.05). In air, no φ2 was observed. Conversely, in oxygen, a φ2 of 28 ± 5 s duration appeared, during which systolic BP (185 ± 29 mmHg), fH (93 ± 16 bpm) and QS (91 ± 16 ml) remained stable. End-apnoea SpO2 was 95.5 ± 1.9% in air and 100% in oxygen. The results support the tested hypothesis.
Keywords Blood pressureBreath-holdHeart ratePhysiological breaking point
PMID: 29733980
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Research group Métabolisme énergétique (642)
Swiss National Science Foundation: 32003B_127620
Swiss National Science Foundation: 3200B0_114033
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TABONI, Anna et al. Cardiovascular responses to dry apnoeas at exercise in air and in pure oxygen. In: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 2018, vol. 255, p. 17-21. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2018.05.003 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:115347

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Deposited on : 2019-03-25

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