en
Scientific article
English

Regulation of Escherichia coli cell envelope proteins involved in protein folding and degradation by the Cpx two-component system

Published inGenes & development, vol. 11, no. 9, p. 1169-1182
Publication date1997
Abstract

We show that the two-component signal transduction system of Escherichia coli, CpxA-CpxR, controls the expression of genes encoding cell envelope proteins involved in protein folding and degradation. These findings are based on three lines of evidence. First, activation of the Cpx pathway induces 5- to 10-fold the synthesis of DsbA, required for disulfide bond formation, and DegP, a major periplasmic protease. Second, using electrophoretic mobility shift and DNase I protection assays, we have shown that phosphorylated CpxR binds to elements upstream of the transcription start sites of dsbA, degP, and ppiA (rotA), the latter coding for a peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase. Third, we have demonstrated increased in vivo transcription of all three genes, dsbA, degP, and ppiA, when the Cpx pathway is activated. We have identified a putative CpxR consensus binding site that is found upstream of a number of other E. coli genes. These findings suggest a potentially extensive Cpx regulon including genes transcribed by sigma70 and sigma(E), which encode factors involved in protein folding as well as other cellular functions.

Keywords
  • Amino Acid Isomerases/genetics/metabolism
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/biosynthesis
  • Bacterial Proteins/chemistry/genetics/ metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites/genetics
  • Carrier Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • Consensus Sequence
  • DNA Primers/genetics
  • DNA, Bacterial/genetics/metabolism
  • Escherichia coli/genetics/ metabolism
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Isomerases/genetics/metabolism
  • Lipoproteins/biosynthesis
  • Membrane Proteins/genetics/ metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
  • Periplasmic Proteins
  • Protein Disulfide-Isomerases
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Kinases
  • Regulon
  • Serine Endopeptidases/genetics/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Temperature
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
POGLIANO, J. et al. Regulation of Escherichia coli cell envelope proteins involved in protein folding and degradation by the Cpx two-component system. In: Genes & development, 1997, vol. 11, n° 9, p. 1169–1182. doi: 10.1101/gad.11.9.1169
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Article
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0890-9369
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