en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Mutational epidemiology of congenital fibrinogen disorders

Published inThrombosis and Haemostasis, vol. 118, no. 11, p. 1867-1874
Publication date2018
Abstract

Background: Numerous mutations in FGA, FGB or FGG lead to congenital fibrinogen disorders (CFDs), but their epidemiology is not well characterized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the molecular epidemiology of CFD and to develop a genotyping strategy.

Methods: Genetic data from 266 unrelated CFD patients genotyped at our laboratory and from a CFD open access database (n = 1,142) were evaluated. We developed a step-wise screening strategy for the molecular diagnosis of CFD and prospectively tested this strategy on 32 consecutive CFD probands.

Results: We identified 345 mutated alleles overall, among 187 heterozygous, 63 homozygous and 16 compound heterozygous individuals. Afibrinogenemia was almost always caused by null mutations (98.6%), mainly in FGA (85%). Hypofibrinogenemia was mainly caused by missense mutations of FGB or FGG (54.2%). Dysfibrinogenemia was almost always caused by heterozygous missense mutations (99.3%) in FGA and FGG. Hotspot mutations were prevalent among quantitative (33.1%) and qualitative fibrinogen disorders (71.1%). The mutational cluster at our laboratory was similar with that reported in the CFD open access database. The proposed step-wise genetic screening strategy proved efficient in both the development and validation samples for CFD: the screening of FGA exons 2, 4, 5 and FGG exon 8 and search for the 11 kb deletion of FGA led to the identification of approximately 80% of mutated alleles, including 15 new mutations.

Conclusion: The described molecular epidemiology of CFD is complex. The proposed step-wise genetic screening strategy may provide an efficient way to identify causative mutations analysing a minimal number of exons.

eng
Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Afibrinogenemia/epidemiology/genetics
  • Alleles
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Female
  • Fibrinogen/genetics
  • Genetic Testing
  • Genotype
  • Hemostasis/genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • Mutation/genetics
  • Prospective Studies
  • Switzerland/epidemiology
  • Young Adult
Citation (ISO format)
CASINI, Alessandro et al. Mutational epidemiology of congenital fibrinogen disorders. In: Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 2018, vol. 118, n° 11, p. 1867–1874. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1673685
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0340-6245
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