en
Scientific article
English

Time zones of pancreatic islet metabolism

Published inDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, vol. 20, no. Suppl 2, p. 116-126
Publication date2018
Abstract

Most living beings possess an intrinsic system of circadian oscillators, allowing anticipation of the Earth's rotation around its own axis. The mammalian circadian timing system orchestrates nearly all aspects of physiology and behaviour. Together with systemic signals originating from the central clock that resides in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus, peripheral oscillators orchestrate tissue-specific fluctuations in gene transcription and translation, and posttranslational modifications, driving overt rhythms in physiology and behaviour. There is accumulating evidence of a reciprocal connection between the circadian oscillator and most aspects of physiology and metabolism, in particular as the circadian system plays a critical role in orchestrating body glucose homeostasis. Recent reports imply that circadian clocks operative in the endocrine pancreas regulate insulin secretion, and that islet clock perturbation in rodents leads to the development of overt type 2 diabetes. While whole islet clocks have been extensively studied during the last years, the heterogeneity of islet cell oscillators and the interplay between α- and β-cellular clocks for orchestrating glucagon and insulin secretion have only recently gained attention. Here, we review recent findings on the molecular makeup of the circadian clocks operative in pancreatic islet cells in rodents and in humans, and focus on the physiologically relevant synchronizers that are resetting these time-keepers. Moreover, the implication of islet clock functional outputs in the temporal coordination of metabolism in health and disease will be highlighted.

Keywords
  • Circadian clock
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Pancreatic islet cells
  • Synchronisation cues
Funding
Citation (ISO format)
PETRENKO, Volodymyr, PHILIPPE, Jacques, DIBNER, Charna. Time zones of pancreatic islet metabolism. In: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 2018, vol. 20, n° Suppl 2, p. 116–126. doi: 10.1111/dom.13383
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal1462-8902
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