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Scientific article
English

Differential roles of endothelin-1 ETA and ETB receptors and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in regulation of the airways and the pulmonary vasculature in isolated rat lung

Published inExperimental physiology, vol. 93, no. 11, p. 1210-1219
Publication date2008
Abstract

The available treatment strategies against pulmonary hypertension include the administration of endothelin-1 (ET-1) receptor subtype blockers (ET(A) and ET(B) antagonists); vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) has recently been suggested as a potential new therapeutic agent. We set out to investigate the ability of these agents to protect against the vasoconstriction and impairment of lung function commonly observed in patients with pulmonary hypertension. An ET(A) blocker (BQ123), ET(B) blocker (BQ788), a combination of these selective blockers (ET(A) + ET(B) blockers) or VIP (V6130) was administered into the pulmonary circulation in four groups of perfused normal rat lungs. Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and forced oscillatory lung input impedance (Z(L)) were measured in all groups under baseline conditions and at 1 min intervals following ET-1 administrations. The airway resistance, inertance, tissue damping and elastance were extracted from the Z(L) spectra. While VIP, ET(A) blocker and combined ET(A) and ET(B) blockers significantly prevented the pulmonary vasoconstriction induced by ET-1, ET(B) blockade enhanced the ET-1-induced increases in PVR. In contrast, the ET(A) and ET(B) blockers markedly elevated the ET-1-induced increases in airway resistance, while VIP blunted this constrictor response. Our results suggest that VIP potently acts against the airway and pulmonary vascular constriction mediated by endothelin-1, while the ET(A) and ET(B) blockers exert a differential effect between airway resistance and PVR.

Keywords
  • Airway Resistance/drug effects
  • Animals
  • Antihypertensive Agents/pharmacology
  • Bronchoconstriction/drug effects
  • Endothelin-1/metabolism
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy/metabolism/physiopathology
  • Lung/blood supply/drug effects/metabolism
  • Lung Compliance/drug effects
  • Male
  • Oligopeptides/pharmacology
  • Peptides, Cyclic/pharmacology
  • Piperidines/pharmacology
  • Pulmonary Circulation/drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptor, Endothelin A/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism
  • Receptor, Endothelin B/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism
  • Respiratory Mechanics/drug effects
  • Vascular Resistance/drug effects
  • Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide/pharmacology
  • Vasoconstriction/drug effects
Citation (ISO format)
JANOSI, Tibor et al. Differential roles of endothelin-1 ETA and ETB receptors and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in regulation of the airways and the pulmonary vasculature in isolated rat lung. In: Experimental physiology, 2008, vol. 93, n° 11, p. 1210–1219. doi: 10.1113/expphysiol.2008.042481
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0958-0670
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