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Back to the Future - Part 1. The medico-legal autopsy from ancient civilization to the post-genomic era

Cecchetto, Giovanni
Bajanowski, Thomas
Cecchi, Rossana
Favretto, Donata
Ishikawa, Takaki
Kondo, Toshikazu
Montisci, Massimo
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Published in International Journal of Legal Medicine. 2017, vol. 131, no. 4, p. 1069-1083
Abstract Part 1 of the review "Back to the Future" examines the historical evolution of the medico-legal autopsy and microscopy techniques, from Ancient Civilization to the Post-Genomic Era. In the section focusing on "The Past", the study of historical sources concerning the origins and development of the medico-legal autopsy, from the Bronze Age until the Middle Ages, shows how, as early as 2000 BC, the performance of autopsies for medico-legal purposes was a known and widespread practice in some ancient civilizations in Egypt, the Far East and later in Europe. In the section focusing on "The Present", the improvement of autopsy techniques by Friedrich Albert Zenker and Rudolf Virchow and the contemporary development of optical microscopy techniques for forensic purposes during the 19th and 20th centuries are reported, emphasizing, the regulation of medico-legal autopsies in diverse nations around the world and the publication of international guidelines or best practices elaborated by International Scientific Societies. Finally, in "The Future" section, innovative robotized and advanced microscopy systems and techniques, including their possible use in the bio-medicolegal field, are reported, which should lead to the improvement and standardization of the autopsy methodology, thereby achieving a more precise identification of natural and traumatic pathologies.
Keywords Anatomy/historyAutopsy/history/trendsForecastingForensic Pathology/history/trendsGuidelines as TopicHistory, 15th CenturyHistory, 16th CenturyHistory, 17th CenturyHistory, 18th CenturyHistory, 19th CenturyHistory, 20th CenturyHistory, 21st CenturyHistory, AncientHistory, MedievalHumansMedicine in the ArtsMummies/historyMuseumsTextbooks as Topic/history
PMID: 28439696
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Research group Groupe Silke Grabherr (969)
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CECCHETTO, Giovanni et al. Back to the Future - Part 1. The medico-legal autopsy from ancient civilization to the post-genomic era. In: International Journal of Legal Medicine, 2017, vol. 131, n° 4, p. 1069-1083. doi: 10.1007/s00414-017-1584-8 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:112018

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Deposited on : 2018-12-05

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