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Aggregation of Colloidal Particles in the Presence of Hydrophobic Anions: Importance of Attractive Non-DLVO Forces

Published inLangmuir, vol. 34, no. 47, p. 14368-14377
Publication date2018
Abstract

Aqueous suspensions of amidine latex (AL) and sulfate latex (SL) particles containing sodium tetraphenylborate and NaCl are studied with electrokinetic and time-resolved light scattering techniques. In monovalent salt solutions, AL is positively charged, while SL negatively. Electrophoretic mobility measurements demonstrate that adsorption of tetraphenylborate anions leads to a charge reversal of the AL particles. At higher concentrations, both types of particles accumulate negative charge. For the AL particles, the charge reversal leads to a narrow fast aggregation region and an intermediate regime of slow aggregation. For the SL particles, the intermediate slow regime is also observed. These aspects can be explained with classical theory of Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey,and Overbeek (DLVO). Another regime of fast aggregation is observed at intermediate concentrations, and the existence of this regime can be rationalized by an additional attractive non-DLVO force. We suspect that this additional force is caused by surface charge heterogeneities.

Research group
Funding
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 159874
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 178759
Citation (ISO format)
CAO, Tianchi, TREFALT, Gregor, BORKOVEC, Michal. Aggregation of Colloidal Particles in the Presence of Hydrophobic Anions: Importance of Attractive Non-DLVO Forces. In: Langmuir, 2018, vol. 34, n° 47, p. 14368–14377. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b03191
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Article (Accepted version)
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ISSN of the journal0743-7463
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