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Multiplex quantitative imaging of human myocardial infarction by mass spectrometry-immunohistochemistry

Published in International Journal of Legal Medicine. 2018, vol. 132, no. 6, p. 1675-1684
Abstract Simultaneous assessment of a panel of protein markers is becoming essential in order to enhance biomarker research and improve diagnostics. Specifically, postmortem diagnostics of early myocardial ischemia in sudden cardiac death cases could benefit from a multiplex marker assessment in the same tissue section. Current analytical antibody-based techniques (immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence) limit multiplex analysis usually to not more than three antibodies. In this study, mass spectrometry-immunohistochemistry (MS-IHC) was performed by combining laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) with rare-metal-isotope-tagged antibodies as a technique for multiplex analysis of human postmortem myocardial tissue samples. Tissue sections with myocardial infarction were simultaneously analyzed for seven primary, rare-metal-isotope-tagged antibodies (troponin T, myoglobin, fibronectin, C5b-9, unphosphorylated connexin 43, VEGF-B, and JunB). Comparison between the MS-IHC approach and chromogenic IHC showed similar patterns in ionic and optical images. In addition, absolute quantification was performed by MS-IHC, providing a proportional relationship between the signal intensity and the local marker concentration in tissue sections. These data demonstrated that LA-ICP-MS combined with rare-metal-isotope-tagged antibodies is an efficient strategy for simultaneous testing of multiple markers and allows not only visualization of molecules within the tissue but also quantification of the signal. Such imaging approach has a great potential in both diagnostics and pathology-related research.
PMID: 29556718
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Research groups Groupe Silke Grabherr (969)
Toxicologie analytique et forensique (120)
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ALJAKNA KHAN, Aleksandra et al. Multiplex quantitative imaging of human myocardial infarction by mass spectrometry-immunohistochemistry. In: International Journal of Legal Medicine, 2018, vol. 132, n° 6, p. 1675-1684. doi: 10.1007/s00414-018-1813-9 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:111631

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Deposited on : 2018-11-30

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