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Title

Right heart ischemia in cases of sepsis

Authors
Jentgens, L
Sauerland, C
Schmeling, A
Published in Forensic Science International. 2016, vol. 259, p. 106-109
Abstract Data from the literature suggest that cases of sepsis complicated by right ventricular (RV) dysfunction have poorer prognosis. In these cases progressive hypoperfusion associated to increasing, injury-related, pulmonary vascular resistance account for RV ischemia. In the present analysis, we wanted to evaluate whether prevalent RV cardiac ischemic damage could be detected in a series of fatal sepsis cases. We retrospectively investigated 20 cases of sepsis that underwent forensic autopsy (study group-11♀, 9♂, mean age 57 years) and compared them to a group of 20 cases of hanging (hanging group-4 ♀, 16 ♂, mean age 44 years) as well as to a group of 20 cases of myocardial infarction (MI group-9 ♀, 11 ♂, mean age 65 years), as examples of cardiac damage due to global hypoxia during agony and ischemic damage, respectively. We performed immunohistochemistry with the antibodies anti-fibronectin and C5b-9. The reactions were semiquantitively classified and the groups were compared. In 30% of the cases of sepsis prevalent RV ischemic damage could be detected with the antibody anti-fibronectin. This expression was significantly different from that observed in cases of MI (p=0.028) and hanging (p<0.001). Our study showed that, in cases of fatal sepsis, prevalent RV ischemic damage occurred in a substantial minority of cases.
Keywords AdultAgedFemaleHeart Ventricles/pathologyHumansMaleMiddle AgedMyocardial Ischemia/complicationsRetrospective StudiesSepsis/complications
Identifiers
PMID: 26773220
Full text
Article (Published version) (1.1 MB) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
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Research group Groupe Fracasso Tony (959)
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FRACASSO, Tony et al. Right heart ischemia in cases of sepsis. In: Forensic Science International, 2016, vol. 259, p. 106-109. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:111188

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Deposited on : 2018-11-21

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