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The Reliability of Facial Recognition of Deceased Persons on Photographs

Caplova, Zuzana
Obertova, Zuzana
Gibelli, Daniele M
Mazzarelli, Debora
Vanezis, Peter
Sforza, Chiarella
Cattaneo, Cristina
Published in Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2017, vol. 62, no. 5, p. 1286-1291
Abstract In humanitarian emergencies, such as the current deceased migrants in the Mediterranean, antemortem documentation needed for identification may be limited. The use of visual identification has been previously reported in cases of mass disasters such as Thai tsunami. This pilot study explores the ability of observers to match unfamiliar faces of living and dead persons and whether facial morphology can be used for identification. A questionnaire was given to 41 students and five professionals in the field of forensic identification with the task to choose whether a facial photograph corresponds to one of the five photographs in a lineup and to identify the most useful features used for recognition. Although the overall recognition score did not significantly differ between professionals and students, the median scores of 78.1% and 80.0%, respectively, were too low to consider this method as a reliable identification method and thus needs to be supported by other means.
Keywords AdultAgedBiometric IdentificationBody RemainsFace/anatomy & histologyForensic AnthropologyForensic PathologyHumansMiddle AgedPhotographyPilot ProjectsPostmortem ChangesReproducibility of ResultsYoung Adult
PMID: 28205214
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Research group Groupe Fracasso Tony (959)
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CAPLOVA, Zuzana et al. The Reliability of Facial Recognition of Deceased Persons on Photographs. In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2017, vol. 62, n° 5, p. 1286-1291. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.13396 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:111137

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Deposited on : 2018-11-21

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