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5-Azacytidine inhibits the lpr gene-induced lymphadenopathy and acceleration of lupus-like syndrome in MRL/MpJ-lpr/lpr mice

Yoshida, Haruyoshi
Yoshida, M.
Merino, Ramon
Shibata, T.
Published in European Journal of Immunology. 1990, vol. 20, no. 9, p. 1989-1993
Abstract MRL/MpJ-lpr/lpr mice spontaneously develop a lupus-like autoimmune disorder characterized by massive proliferation of T cells and rapidly fatal immune complex glomerulonephritis. We evaluated the therapeutic effect of 5-azacytidine (5AC), a cytidine analogue known as an inhibitor of DNA methylation, in MRL/MpJ-lpr/lpr mice. Intraperitoneal injection of 5AC (50 micrograms, twice a week) starting from 6 weeks of age retarded the development of lymphadenopathy and autoimmune syndrome. Its beneficial effects included: (a) increased life-span, (b) diminution of lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly, (c) reduction in circulating levels of autoantibodies such as anti-DNA and rheumatoid factors, and (d) suppression of lupus glomerulonephritis. However, similar treatment in BALB/c mice did not affect the development of IgG anti-human IgG antibody responses. These results suggest that the protective effect of 5AC is related to the inhibition of the lpr gene-induced T cell proliferation, thereby suppressing the autoimmunity-accelerating effect mediated by the lpr gene.
Keywords AnimalsAutoantibodies/analysisAutoimmune Diseases/genetics/mortality/ prevention & controlAzacitidine/ therapeutic useFemaleImmunoglobulin G/analysisImmunosuppressive Agents/pharmacologyLupus Nephritis/ prevention & controlLymphoproliferative Disorders/genetics/mortality/ prevention & controlMiceMice, Inbred BALB CSurvival RateT-Lymphocytes/immunology
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PMID: 1698637

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Deposited on : 2010-08-26

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