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Multiscale Bayesian State Space Model for Granger Causality Analysis of Brain Signal

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Published in Journal of Applied Statistics. 2018, p. 1-19
Abstract Modelling time-varying and frequency-specific relationships between two brain signals is becoming an essential methodological tool to answer heoretical questions in experimental neuroscience. In this article, we propose to estimate a frequency Granger causality statistic that may vary in time in order to evaluate the functional connections between two brain regions during a task. We use for that purpose an adaptive Kalman filter type of estimator of a linear Gaussian vector autoregressive model with coefficients evolving over time. The estimation procedure is achieved through variational Bayesian approximation and is extended for multiple trials. This Bayesian State Space (BSS) model provides a dynamical Granger-causality statistic that is quite natural. We propose to extend the BSS model to include the `{a} trous Haar decomposition. This wavelet-based forecasting method is based on a multiscale resolution decomposition of the signal using the redundant `{a} trous wavelet transform and allows us to capture short- and long-range dependencies between signals. Equally importantly it allows us to derive the desired dynamical and frequency-specific Granger-causality statistic. The application of these models to intracranial local field potential data recorded during a psychological experimental task shows the complex frequency based cross-talk between amygdala and medial orbito-frontal cortex.
Keywords Trous Haar waveletsMultiple trialsNeuroscience dataNonstationarityTime-frequencyVariational methods
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Research groups Affective sciences
Neuroscience de l'émotion et dynamiques affectives (NEAD)
Méthodologie et analyse des données (MAD)
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CEKIC, Sezen, GRANDJEAN, Didier Maurice, RENAUD, Olivier. Multiscale Bayesian State Space Model for Granger Causality Analysis of Brain Signal. In: Journal of Applied Statistics, 2018, p. 1-19. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:109599

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Deposited on : 2018-10-23

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