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Impacts of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies and antibody-mediated rejection on outcomes after intestinal transplantation in children

Rabant, M
Canioni, D
Suberbielle-Boissel, C
Goulet, O
Chardot, C
Lacaille, F
Published in Pediatric Transplantation. 2017, vol. 21, no. 2
Abstract AMR is a risk factor for graft failure after SBTx. We studied impact of DSAs and AMR in 22 children transplanted between 2008 and 2012 (11 isolated SBTx, 10 liver inclusive Tx, and one modified multivisceral Tx). Three patients never developed DSA, but DSAs were found in seven in the pre-Tx period and de novo post-Tx in 19 children. Pathology revealed cellular rejection (15/19), with vascular changes and C4d+. Patients were treated with IV immunoglobulins, plasmapheresis, and steroids. Rescue therapy included antithymocyte globulins, rituximab, eculizumab, and bortezomib. Pathology and graft function normalized in 13 patients, graft loss occurred in two, and death in seven. At the end of the follow-up, 15 children were alive (68%), 13 with functioning graft (59%). Prognosis factors for poor outcome after Tx were the presence of symptoms at AMR suspicion (P +.033). DSAs were often found following SBTx, mostly de novo. Resistant ACR or severe AMR is still difficult to differentiate, with a high need for immunosuppression in both. DSAs may precede development of severe disease and pathology features on the graft: relationship and correlation need to be better investigated with larger groups before and after Tx.
Keywords AdolescentAntibodies/immunologyAntibodiesMonoclonalHumanized/therapeutic useAntilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic useBortezomib/therapeutic useChildChildPreschoolCohort StudiesComplement C4b/immunologyFemaleGraft Rejection/immunologyGraft SurvivalHLA Antigens/immunologyHumansImmunoglobulinsIntravenous/therapeutic useImmunosuppressionInfantIntestines/transplantationIsoantibodies/immunologyMalePeptide Fragments/immunologyPlasmapheresisPrognosisRituximab/therapeutic useSteroids/therapeutic useTissue DonorsTransplantationTreatment Outcome
PMID: 28084679
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Research group Développement du tube digestif chez les vertébrés (900)
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PETIT, Laëtitia Marie et al. Impacts of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies and antibody-mediated rejection on outcomes after intestinal transplantation in children. In: Pediatric Transplantation, 2017, vol. 21, n° 2. doi: 10.1111/petr.12847 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:107752

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Deposited on : 2018-09-13

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