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Perspectives in neonatal and childhood arterial ischemic stroke

Dinomais, M
Kossorotoff, M
Vuillerot, C
Darteyre, S
Chabrier, S
Published in Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. 2017, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 135-142
Abstract Over the last decade considerable advances have been made in the identification, understanding and management of pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. Such increasing knowledge has also brought new perspectives and interrogations in the current acute and rehabilitative care of these patients. Areas covered: In developed countries, focal cerebral arteriopathy is one of the most common causes of arterial ischemic stroke in childhood and imaging features are well characterized. However, there are ongoing debates regarding its underlying mechanisms, natural evolution and proper management. The implementation of thrombolytic therapy in acute pediatric stroke has been shown to be efficient in anecdotal cases but is still limited by a number of caveats, even in large tertiary centers. Finally, neonatal stroke represents a unique circumstance of possible early intervention before the onset of any neurological disability but this appears meaningful only in a selective group of neonates. Expert commentary: While perinatal stroke, a leading cause of cerebral palsy, appears to be multifactorial, a large number of childhood ischemic stroke are probably essentially triggered by infectious factors leading to vessel wall damage. Current research is aiming at better identifying risk factors in both conditions, and to define optimal acute and preventive therapeutic strategies in order to reduce significant long-term morbidity.
Keywords Brain IschemiaCerebrovascular DisordersHumansInfantInfantNewbornInfantNewbornDiseases/prevention & control/therapyRisk FactorsStroke/therapyThrombolytic Therapy
PMID: 27687767
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FLUSS, Joel Victor et al. Perspectives in neonatal and childhood arterial ischemic stroke. In: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 2017, vol. 17, n° 2, p. 135-142. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2017.1243471 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:107718

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Deposited on : 2018-09-13

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