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The impact of the end-Ordovician glaciation on sediment routing systems: A case study from the Meseta (northern Morocco)

Ghienne, J.-F.
El Houicha, M.
Girard, F.
Kali, E.
Khoukhi, Y.
Langbour, C.
Magna, T.
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Published in Gondwana research. 2018, vol. 63, p. 169-178
Abstract Assessment of sediment redistribution by end-Ordovician ice sheets is crucial for the reconstruction of Lower Paleozoic source-to-sink patterns. Focusing on the ice-distal, deepwater Tazekka depocenter (Moroccan Meseta), we performed a provenance study that combined whole-rock geochemistry, petrography and insights from high-resolution detrital zircon ages. The results show that the glacigenic sediments are compositionally — mineralogically and geochemically — more mature than preglacial strata. This observation points to a preferential cannibalization of the “great Lower Paleozoic quartz-rich sandstone sheet”, with a limited input of first-cycle, far-travelled clastic sediments. Differentiation of glacial units is not straightforward, yet the glaciation acme istypified by a highly mature sedimentary source and an age spectrum lacking Mesoproterozoic zircon grains, both features strongly indicating derivation from the Cambrian–Lower Ordovician cover of the Tuareg Shield. More regional sources are expressed during the earlier glaciation stages, during which lowstand remobilizations unrelated to subglacial erosion are also suspected. Subordinate but notable late Tonian (∼0.8 Ga) and latest Stenian to early Tonian (∼1 Ga) zircon populations are also evidenced inMorocco, which may have implications for future paleogeographic reconstructions.
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Research group Reservoir Geology and Sedimentary Basin Analyses
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GHIENNE, J.-F. et al. The impact of the end-Ordovician glaciation on sediment routing systems: A case study from the Meseta (northern Morocco). In: Gondwana Research, 2018, vol. 63, p. 169-178. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2018.07.001 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:107021

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Deposited on : 2018-08-14

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