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Senescent Atrophic Epidermis Retains Lrig1+ Stem Cells and Loses Wnt Signaling, a Phenotype Shared with CD44KO Mice

Published in PloS one. 2017, vol. 12, no. 1, e0169452
Abstract Lrig1 is known to repress the epidermal growth through its inhibitory activity on EGFR, while CD44 promotes it. We analyzed the expression of these molecules in senescent atrophic human epidermis and in the epidermis of CD44KO mice. In normal human epidermis, Lrig1+ cells form clusters located in the basal layer in which CD44 expression is downregulated and Lef1 expression reflects an active Wnt signaling. In senescent atrophic human epidermis, we found retention of Lrig1high+ cells all along the basal layer, forming no clusters, with decrease of CD44 and lef1 expression. In vitro silencing of CD44 indicated that CD44 may be required for Wnt signaling. However, if looking at the ear epidermis of CD44KO mice, we only found a limited interfollicular epidermal atrophy and unchanged Lrig1high+ cells in the hair follicle. Cell lineage tracing further revealed that interfollicular epidermis did lost its self-renewing capacity but that its homeostasis relied on Lrig1-derived keratinocytes migrating from the hair follicle. Therefore, we conclude that CD44 downregulation is part of the phenotype of senescent atrophic human epidermis, and contributes to reduce Wnt signaling and to alter Lrig1high+ stem cell distribution.
Keywords AnimalsAtrophy/geneticsEpidermis/pathologyHair Follicle/cytology/metabolismHumansHyaluronan Receptors/genetics/metabolismKeratinocytes/metabolism/pathologyMembrane Glycoproteins/genetics/metabolismMiceMiceKnockoutNerve Tissue Proteins/genetics/metabolismReceptorEpidermal Growth Factor/genetics/metabolismStem Cells/metabolism/pathologyWnt Signaling Pathway/genetics
PMID: 28099467
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Research group Rôle du CD44 (809)
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BARNES, Laurent, SAURAT, Jean-Hilaire, KAYA, Guerkan. Senescent Atrophic Epidermis Retains Lrig1+ Stem Cells and Loses Wnt Signaling, a Phenotype Shared with CD44KO Mice. In: PLOS ONE, 2017, vol. 12, n° 1, p. e0169452. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169452 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:106975

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Deposited on : 2018-08-10

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