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Role of HNF1β in the differential diagnosis from other germ cell tumors

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Published in Human Pathology. 2018
Abstract Identification of the yolk sac tumor (YST) component in germ cell tumors (GCT) may prove challenging, and highly sensitive and specific immunohistochemical markers are still lacking. Preliminary data from the literature suggest that HNF1β may represent a sensitive marker of YST. The specificity of HNF1β has not been addressed in GCT. A cohort of 49 YST specimens from 45 patients was designed, occurring either as pure tumors, or as a component of a mixed GCT. Immunohistochemistry was conducted on whole tumor sections using HNF1β. SALL4, OCT4, CD30, CDX2, Cytokeratin 19, Glypican 3, and GATA3 were used for classification of the GCT components. Patients were mostly male (39/45), aged 14 months to 49 years, with primary testicular tumors (37/39), or primary mediastinal pure YSTs (2/39). All 6 primary tumors occurring in females (6/45) were pure ovarian YSTs; age range was 4 to 72 years. HNF1β nuclear reactivity was seen in the YST component in all 49 tumors, with a moderate to strong nuclear pattern of staining. Embryonal carcinoma (EC, 0/32) and seminoma (0/6) were negative. Choriocarcinoma (6/6) showed faint focal cytoplasmic reactivity to HNF1β but no nuclear staining. In teratomas, only enteric-type glands showed nuclear reactivity to HNF1β (11/16). Therefore, HNF1β sensitivity in YST component identification was 100% and specificity was 80%. Thus, in our experience, HNF1β is a sensitive and reliable marker of the YST component in GCT, and allows distinction of YST from intricately admixed EC, especially in the diffuse embryoma pattern.
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PMID: 29753846
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ROUGEMONT-PIDOUX, Anne-Laure, TILLE, Jean-Christophe. Role of HNF1β in the differential diagnosis from other germ cell tumors. In: Human Pathology, 2018. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:106678

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Deposited on : 2018-07-25

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