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Antibiotic prophylaxis before invasive dental procedures in patients with arthroplasties of the hip and knee

Published in Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume. 2008, vol. 90, no. 7, p. 833-838
Abstract More than a million hip replacements are carried out each year worldwide, and the number of other artificial joints inserted is also rising, so that infections associated with arthroplasties have become more common. However, there is a paucity of literature on infections due to haematogenous seeding following dental procedures. We reviewed the published literature to establish the current knowledge on this problem and to determine the evidence for routine antibiotic prophylaxis prior to a dental procedure. We found that antimicrobial prophylaxis before dental interventions in patients with artificial joints lacks evidence-based information and thus cannot be universally recommended.
Keywords Antibiotic ProphylaxisBacteremia/prevention & controlDental Care/methodsDental Care for Chronically Ill/methodsEvidence-Based MedicineGuidelines as TopicHip Prosthesis/adverse effectsHumansKnee Prosthesis/adverse effectsProsthesis-Related Infections/etiology/prevention & control
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:1051
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Other version: http://www.jbjs.org.uk/cgi/content/full/90-B/7/833
PMID: 18591588
Research groups Glycopeptide résistance (28)
Staphylocoques dorés résistants à la méthicilline et hygiène hospitalière (330)
Groupe Perrier Arnaud (Médecine interne générale, de réhabilitation et de gériatrie) (585)
La maladie thromboembolique veineuse (808)
Groupe Bernard Jean-Pierre (médecine dentaire) (825)
Traumatologie ostéoarticulaire (99)

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Deposited on : 2009-03-03

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