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Quantification of Working Volumes, Exposure, and Target-Specific Maneuverability of the Pterional Craniotomy and Its Minimally Invasive Variants

Jägersberg, Max
Brodard, Jerermy
Qiu, Jimmy
Mansouri, Alireza
Doglietto, Francesco
Gentili, Fred
Kucharczyk, Walter
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Published in World Neurosurgery. 2017, vol. 101, p. 710-717.e2
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Quantitative comparison of minimally invasive and standard cranial approaches remains a methodologic challenge. The aim of this study was to apply a new digital, navigation-based method to quantify multiple parameters of the pterional, supraorbital, lateral supraorbital and mini-pterional approaches and to describe a target-specific maneuverability score. - METHODS: Supraorbital, lateral supraorbital, minipterional, and standard pterional craniotomies were performed on 8 sides in 4 cadaver heads. The limits of superficial and deep exposure and surgical target points were registered with image-guidance (Medtronic Stealth). A custom software (Guided Therapeutics Eyes II Software [GTxEyesII]) calculated superficial and deep surface areas,working volumes, and target distances. Volumeswere reconstructed digitally and visualized with GTxEyesII. Finally, we defined for each approach a targetspecific maneuverability score based on surface exposure, target distance, target position, and anatomical obstacles. - RESULTS: Surface exposure and volumes were significantly smaller for keyhole approaches compared with standard pterional craniotomy (P < 0.01). Maneuverability index scores showed the greatest values for standard pterional craniotomies, but nearly equally high scores could be achieved by one or several of the less-invasive approaches for most of the targets. - CONCLUSIONS: The combination of a navigation-based measurement method with custom software (GTxEyesII) provides a powerful tool for visualization and quantification of surgical approaches. Compared with standard pterional craniotomy, alternative keyhole craniotomies offer comparable deep exposure with smaller working volumes and relatively high maneuverability for specific targets.
Keywords Anterior fossaGTxEyesKeyhole approachManeuverabilityMini-pterionalPterionalScoreSupraorbital
PMID: 28254536
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Research groups Anatomie clinique (134)
Groupe Schaller Karl Lothard (neurochirurgie) (851)
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JÄGERSBERG, Max et al. Quantification of Working Volumes, Exposure, and Target-Specific Maneuverability of the Pterional Craniotomy and Its Minimally Invasive Variants. In: World Neurosurgery, 2017, vol. 101, p. 710-717.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.02.011 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:104901

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Deposited on : 2018-06-01

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