Scientific article
Open access

From swing to cane: Sex differences of EEG resting-state temporal patterns during maturation and aging

Published inDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 31, p. 58-66
Publication date2018

While many insights on brain development and aging have been gained by studying resting-state networks with fMRI, relating these changes to cognitive functions is limited by the temporal resolution of fMRI. In order to better grasp short-lasting and dynamically changing mental activities, an increasing number of studies utilize EEG to define resting-state networks, thereby often using the concept of EEG microstates. These are brief (around 100 ms) periods of stable scalp potential fields that are influenced by cognitive states and are sensitive to neuropsychiatric diseases. Despite the rising popularity of the EEG microstate approach, information about age changes is sparse and nothing is known about sex differences. Here we investigated age and sex related changes of the temporal dynamics of EEG microstates in 179 healthy individuals (6-87 years old, 90 females, 204-channel EEG). We show strong sex-specific changes in microstate dynamics during adolescence as well as at older age. In addition, males and females differ in the duration and occurrence of specific microstates. These results are of relevance for the comparison of studies in populations of different age and sex and for the understanding of the changes in neuropsychiatric diseases.

Citation (ISO format)
TOMESCU, Ioana Miralena et al. From swing to cane: Sex differences of EEG resting-state temporal patterns during maturation and aging. In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 31, p. 58–66. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2018.04.011
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1878-9293

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