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High-Resolution Recording of the Circadian Oscillator in Primary Mouse α- and β-Cell Culture

Published in Frontiers in Endocrinology. 2017, vol. 8, 68
Abstract Circadian clocks have been developed in evolution as an anticipatory mechanism allowing for adaptation to the constantly changing light environment due to rotation of the Earth. This mechanism is functional in all light-sensitive organisms. There is a considerable body of evidence on the tight connection between the circadian clock and most aspects of physiology and metabolism. Clocks, operative in the pancreatic islets, have caught particular attention in the last years due to recent reports on their critical roles in regulation of insulin secretion and etiology of type 2 diabetes. While β-cell clocks have been extensively studied during the last years, α-cell clocks and their role in islet function and orchestration of glucose metabolism stayed unexplored, largely due to the difficulty to isolate α-cells, which represents a considerable technical challenge. Here, we provide a detailed description of an experimental approach for the isolation of separate mouse α- and β-cell population, culture of isolated primary α- and β-cells, and their subsequent long-term high-resolution circadian bioluminescence recording. For this purpose, a triple reporterProGlucagon-Venus/RIP-Cherry/Per2:Luciferasemouse line was established, carrying specific fluorescent reporters for α- and β-cells, and luciferase reporter for monitoring the molecular clockwork. Flow cytometry fluorescence-activated cell sorting allowed separating pure α- and β-cell populations from isolated islets. Experimental conditions, developed by us for the culture of functional primary mouse α- and β-cells for at least 10 days, will be highlighted. Importantly, temporal analysis of freshly isolated α- and β-cells around-the-clock revealed preserved rhythmicity of core clock genes expression. Finally, we describe the setting to assess circadian rhythm in cultured α- and β-cells synchronizedin vitro. The here-described methodology allows to analyze the functional properties of primary α- and β-cells under physiological or pathophysiological conditions and to assess the islet cellular clock properties.
PMID: 28439257
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Article (Published version) (4.6 MB) - public document Free access
Research group Endocrinologie et horloge circadienne (948)
FNS: 31003A-166700
(ISO format)
PETRENKO, Volodymyr, GOSMAIN, Yvan, DIBNER, Charna. High-Resolution Recording of the Circadian Oscillator in Primary Mouse α- and β-Cell Culture. In: Frontiers in Endocrinology, 2017, vol. 8, p. 68. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2017.00068 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:104593

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Deposited on : 2018-05-22

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