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Climate change and infectious diseases

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Published in Public Health Reviews. 2016, vol. 37, no. 1
Abstract Global changes are major determinants for infectious diseases, although attributable, part of climate change remains debatable. Vector-borne diseases are prone to be impacted by global warming, although other factors may play a substantial role, evidenced by the dramatic decrease in malaria in the last decades in places where climate change has deep and significant effects. There is now evidence that in some areas of the world, e.g. Horn of Africa, warm El Niño Southern Oscillations (ENSO), which are observed in the South Pacific Ocean, are associated with higher risk of emergence of Rift Valley fever, cholera and malaria and during cold La Niña events, dengue fever, chikungunya and yellow fever. This has been observed for these and other diseases in other parts of the world. For example, seasonal influenza outbreaks have been more intense (i.e. higher number) and more severe (i.e. higher mortality) when concomitant with La Niña events. Since climate scientists have recently observed that climate change is tied to more frequent and more intense ENSO events, we may foresee increases in frequency and severity in emerging infectious diseases in the world.
Keywords Climate changeInfectious diseasesGlobal healthEl Niño/La NiñaEmerging infectious diseases
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PMID: 29450063
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Article (Published version) (274 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
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Research group Groupe Flahault Antoine (945)
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FLAHAULT, Antoine, RUIZ DE CASTANEDA, Rafael Luis, BOLON, Isabelle. Climate change and infectious diseases. In: Public Health Reviews, 2016, vol. 37, n° 1. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:104585

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Deposited on : 2018-05-22

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