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Biotic composition and microfacies distribution of Upper Triassic build-ups: new insights from the Lower Carnian limestone of Lesno Brdo, central Slovenia

Authors
Gale, Luka
Celarc, Bogomir
Hočevar, Manca
Šelih, Vid Simon
Published in Facies. 2018, vol. 64, no. 3, p. 17
Abstract The architecture and composition of Middle to lower Upper Triassic platforms is often obscured by dolomitization. Hence, comparatively little is known about their architectures compared to their size and geographic extent. An active quarry near Lesno Brdo (central Slovenia) offers an excellent exposure of Lower Carnian (Julian) massive limestone, which is diagenetically little altered. A detailed microfacies analysis along a 15.5-m log revealed the presence of three facies types: fine-grained limestone as a groundmass, blocks and globular masses of sponge-microbialite boundstone, and lens-like aggregations of polychaete (terebellid) tubes. Sponge-microbialite boundstone contains a rather small number of cosmopolitan sponge taxa, solenoporacean red algae, microproblematica, bryozoans, and a small proportion of dwelling fauna. Instead, stromatolites represent the main constituent. While some blocks appear to have truncated margins, others show mammillary-like protrusions of microbialites into the surrounding sediment, suggesting active growth of microbialite-producing organisms. Aggregations of terebellid worm tubes show a highly irregular relief, with tubes placed sub-parallel to the ancient sea floor. The presence of fibrous rim cement, crystal silt, and in some cases fragmentation of the tubes, suggest at least moderately energetic waters. Aggregations are thus interpreted as preserved in situ, but not in toto. The entire complex was probably deposited at the margin or upper slope of a carbonate platform. Although the presence of a large number of terebellids associated with microbialites boundstone may indicate some sort of environmental stress, such a stress remains to be identified.
Keywords Southern AlpsExternal DinaridesMicrobialiteReefWorm tubeTerebellida
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Other version: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10347-018-0531-6
Structures
Research group Sedimentology, Biostratigraphy and Micropaleontology
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GALE, Luka et al. Biotic composition and microfacies distribution of Upper Triassic build-ups: new insights from the Lower Carnian limestone of Lesno Brdo, central Slovenia. In: Facies, 2018, vol. 64, n° 3, p. 17. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:104521

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Deposited on : 2018-05-16

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