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Neural correlates of perceptual learning: a functional MRI study of visual texture discrimination

Maquet, Pierre
Frith, Chris
Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2002, vol. 99, no. 26, p. 17137-17142
Abstract Visual texture discrimination has been shown to induce long-lasting behavioral improvement restricted to the trained eye and trained location in visual field [Karni, A. & Sagi, D. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 4966-4970]. We tested the hypothesis that such learning involves durable neural modifications at the earliest cortical stages of the visual system, where eye specificity, orientation, and location information are mapped with highest resolution. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in humans, we measured neural activity 24 h after a single session of intensive monocular training on visual texture discrimination, performed in one visual quadrant. Within-subject comparisons between trained and untrained eye for targets presented within the same quadrant revealed higher activity in a corresponding retinotopic area of visual cortex. Functional connectivity analysis showed that these learning-dependent changes were not associated with an increased engagement of other brain areas remote from early visual cortex. We suggest that these new data are consistent with recent proposals that the cellular mechanisms underlying this type of perceptual learning may involve changes in local connections within primary visual cortex. Our findings provide a direct demonstration of learning-dependent reorganization at early processing stages in the visual cortex of adult humans.
Keywords AdultDiscrimination Learning/ physiologyFemaleHumansMagnetic Resonance ImagingMaleNeuronal Plasticity/ physiologyVisual Cortex/ physiologyVisual Perception/ physiology
PMID: 12446842
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SCHWARTZ, Sophie, MAQUET, Pierre, FRITH, Chris. Neural correlates of perceptual learning: a functional MRI study of visual texture discrimination. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2002, vol. 99, n° 26, p. 17137-17142. doi: 10.1073/pnas.242414599 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:10442

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Deposited on : 2010-08-06

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