Scientific article

Suprachiasmatic modulation of noradrenaline release in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus

Published inThe Journal of neuroscience, vol. 27, no. 24, p. 6412-6416
Publication date2007

As the major brain circadian pacemaker, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is known to influence the timing of sleep and waking. We thus investigated here the effect of SCN stimulation on neurons of the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) thought to be involved in promoting sleep. Using an acute in vitro preparation of the rat anterior hypothalamus/preoptic area, we found that whereas single-pulse stimulations of the SCN evoked standard fast ionotropic IPSPs and EPSPs, train stimulations unexpectedly evoked a long-lasting inhibition (LLI). Such LLIs could also be evoked in VLPO neurons by pressure application of NMDA within the SCN, indicating the specific activation of SCN neurons. This LLI was shown to result from the presynaptic facilitation of noradrenaline release, because it was suppressed in presence of yohimbine, a selective antagonist of alpha2-adrenoreceptors. The LLI depended on the opening of a potassium conductance, because it was annulled at E(K) and could be reversed below E(K). These results show that the SCN can provide an LLI of the sleep-promoting VLPO neurons that could play a role in the circadian organization of the sleep-waking cycle.

  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists/pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Bicuculline/pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Drug Interactions
  • Electric Stimulation/methods
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists/pharmacology
  • GABA Antagonists/pharmacology
  • Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials/drug effects/physiology/radiation effects
  • N-Methylaspartate/pharmacology
  • Neural Inhibition/drug effects/physiology/radiation effects
  • Neurons/drug effects/metabolism
  • Norepinephrine/ metabolism/pharmacology
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques/methods
  • Preoptic Area/cytology/ metabolism
  • Quinoxalines/pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Suprachiasmatic Nucleus/ physiology
  • Yohimbine/pharmacology
Citation (ISO format)
SAINT-MLEUX, Benoit et al. Suprachiasmatic modulation of noradrenaline release in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus. In: The Journal of neuroscience, 2007, vol. 27, n° 24, p. 6412–6416. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1432-07.2007
Updates (1)
ISSN of the journal0270-6474

Technical informations

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