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Title

Quantitative correlation between the void morphology of niobium-tin wires and their irreversible critical current degradation upon mechanical loading

Authors
Rack, A.
Zhai, Y.
Published in Scientific Reports. 2018, vol. 8, no. 6589
Abstract Understanding the critical current performance variation of Nb3Sn superconducting wires under mechanical loading is a crucial issue for the design of next generation accelerator and fusion magnets. In these applications, the mechanical properties of the conductors may become a limiting factor due to the strong electro-magnetic forces resulting from the combination of large magnets and intense magnetic fields. In particular, the presence of voids in the superconducting filament structure, which are formed during the fabrication and the reaction heat treatment, determines localized stress concentrations and possibly the formation of cracks. In this work, we demonstrate a quantitative correlation between the void morphology and the electro-mechanical limits measured on different Bronze route Nb3Sn wires. Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) prior to the reaction heat treatment is utilized to partially eliminate the voids. The wires’ void distributions - with and without HIP treatment - are detected and statistically analyzed using high energy X-ray micro tomography. The stress concentration due to the shape and distribution of the voids as well as their impact on the electro-mechanical properties are determined through finite element method modeling. Finally, the results are quantitatively correlated with the experimentally determined limits of the irreversible critical current degradation upon mechanical loading.
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Structures
Research group Groupe Senatore
Projects FNS: PP00P2_144673
Geneva/Princeton Collaborative Research Grants
Citation
(ISO format)
BARTH, Christian et al. Quantitative correlation between the void morphology of niobium-tin wires and their irreversible critical current degradation upon mechanical loading. In: Scientific Reports, 2018, vol. 8, n° 6589. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:104010

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Deposited on : 2018-05-02

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