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Dynamic presynaptic varicosities: a role in activity-dependent synaptogenesis

Nikonenko, Irina
Published in Trends in Neurosciences. 2003, vol. 26, no. 11, p. 573-575
Abstract Recent developments in confocal imaging techniques have opened new avenues for investigating how synaptic networks evolve over time. These studies have revealed not only that synaptic structures are motile but also, most importantly, that a fraction of synapses undergo a continuous elimination and formation process, and that these mechanisms are markedly enhanced by activity. Turnover of dendritic spines was recently demonstrated in the somatosensory cortex upon sensory stimulation. De Paola et al. have now provided evidence for correlated remodelling of presynaptic structures. These results, together with others, indicate that activation of neuronal networks enhances dynamic mechanisms at both the presynaptic and the postsynaptic level, resulting in an increased turnover of synapses and, accordingly, a reorganization of synaptic circuitry.
Keywords AnimalsDendrites/ physiologyExcitatory Amino Acids/ physiologyMiceMice, TransgenicNerve Net/ growth & developmentNeural Pathways/ growth & developmentNeuronal Plasticity/physiologyNeurons/physiologyPresynaptic Terminals/ physiology
PMID: 14585594
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MULLER, Dominique, NIKONENKO, Irina. Dynamic presynaptic varicosities: a role in activity-dependent synaptogenesis. In: Trends in Neurosciences, 2003, vol. 26, n° 11, p. 573-575. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2003.08.010 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:10366

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Deposited on : 2010-08-06

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