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Title

The effect of the ProBalance Programme on health-related quality of life of community-dwelling older adults: A randomised controlled trial

Authors
Gouveia, Bruna R.
Gouveia, Élvio R.
Jardim, Helena G.
Martins, Maria M.
Freitas, Duarte L.
Published in Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2018, vol. 74, p. 26-31
Abstract Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important health outcome in older adults. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the ProBalance rehabilitation programme on HRQoL of community-dwelling older adults with balance impairments and to investigate whether effects differ between age groups and/or HRQoL components. Methods: A single-blind, randomised controlled trial included community-dwelling older adults, aged 65–85, with balance impairments. Participants (n = 52) were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG) or a control group (CG). A rehabilitation programme included gait, balance, functional training, strengthening, flexibility, and 3D training. A group-based intervention was administered over a period of 12 weeks (90-min sessions, 2 days per week). A wait-list control group was instructed to maintain their usual activities during the same period. Participants’ HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. The time points for assessment were at zero (pre-test), 12 (post-test), and 24 weeks (follow up). Results: A trend for higher HRQoL in the IG compared to the CG and a significant interaction of group with time were found, with significantly higher increases in HRQoL from the pre-test to the post-test (and to follow-up) in the IG, compared to the CG. Results were independent of age group (young-old vs. old-old) and HRQoL component (physical vs. mental). Conclusions: Present results suggest that the ProBalance programme had a beneficial effect on HRQoL of community-dwelling older adults, which held across young and old adults and not only comprised physical but also mental HRQoL.
Keywords AgingQuality of lifeRehabilitationBalance trainingGerontologyHealth promotion
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Research group Cognitive Aging Lab (CAL)
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GOUVEIA, Bruna R. et al. The effect of the ProBalance Programme on health-related quality of life of community-dwelling older adults: A randomised controlled trial. In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2018, vol. 74, p. 26-31. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:103508

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Deposited on : 2018-04-12

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