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The novel chloroplast outer membrane kinase KOC1 is a required component of the plastid protein import machinery

Zufferey, Mónica
Montandon, Cyrille
Douet, Véronique
Agne, Birgit
Baginsky, Sacha
Kessler, Felix
Published in The Journal of biological chemistry. 2017, vol. 292, no. 17, p. 6952-6964
Abstract The biogenesis and maintenance of cell organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts require the import of many proteins from the cytosol, a process that is controlled by phosphorylation. In the case of chloroplasts, the import of hundreds of different proteins depends on translocons at the outer and inner chloroplast membrane (TOC and TIC, respectively) complexes. The essential protein TOC159 functions thereby as an import receptor. It has an N-terminal acidic (A-) domain that extends into the cytosol, controls receptor specificity, and is highly phosphorylatedin vivoHowever, kinases that phosphorylate the TOC159 A-domain to enable protein import have remained elusive. Here, using co-purification with TOC159 fromArabidopsis, we discovered a novel component of the chloroplast import machinery, the regulatory kinase at the outer chloroplast membrane 1 (KOC1). We found that KOC1 is an integral membrane protein facing the cytosol and stably associates with TOC. Moreover, KOC1 phosphorylated the A-domain of TOC159in vitro, and in mutantkoc1chloroplasts, preprotein import efficiency was diminished.koc1 Arabidopsisseedlings had reduced survival rates after transfer from the dark to the light in which protein import into plastids is required to rapidly complete chloroplast biogenesis. In summary, our data indicate that KOC1 is a functional component of the TOC machinery that phosphorylates import receptors, supports preprotein import, and contributes to efficient chloroplast biogenesis.
Keywords Arabidopsis Proteins/metabolism/physiologyChloroplast Proteins/metabolism/physiologyChloroplasts/metabolismChromatographyAffinityCytosol/metabolismEscherichia coli/metabolismMass SpectrometryMutationPhosphorylationProtein DomainsProtein TransportRecombinant Proteins/metabolism
PMID: 28283569
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Other version: http://www.jbc.org/content/292/17/6952.long
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ZUFFEREY, Mónica et al. The novel chloroplast outer membrane kinase KOC1 is a required component of the plastid protein import machinery. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2017, vol. 292, n° 17, p. 6952-6964. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.776468 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:103128

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Deposited on : 2018-03-21

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