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Scientific article
English

Oscillatory and intrinsic membrane properties of guinea pig nucleus prepositus hypoglossi neurons in vitro

Published inJournal of neurophysiology, vol. 96, no. 1, p. 175-196
Publication date2006
Abstract

Numerous models of the oculomotor neuronal integrator located in the prepositus hypoglossi nucleus (PHN) involve both highly tuned recurrent networks and intrinsic neuronal properties; however, there is little experimental evidence for the relative role of these two mechanisms. The experiments reported here show that all PHN neurons (PHNn) show marked phasic behavior, which is highly oscillatory in approximately 25% of the population. The behavior of this subset of PHNn, referred to as type D PHNn, is clearly different from that of the medial vestibular nucleus neurons, which transmit the bulk of head velocity-related sensory vestibular inputs without integrating them. We have investigated the firing and biophysical properties of PHNn and developed data-based realistic neuronal models to quantitatively illustrate that their active conductances can produce the oscillatory behavior. Although some individual type D PHNn are able to show some features of mathematical integration, the lack of robustness of this behavior strongly suggests that additional network interactions, likely involving all types of PHNn, are essential for the neuronal integrator. Furthermore, the relationship between the impulse activity and membrane potential of type D PHNn is highly nonlinear and frequency-dependent, even for relatively small-amplitude responses. These results suggest that some of the synaptic input to type D PHNn is likely to evoke oscillatory responses that will be nonlinearly amplified as the spike discharge rate increases. It would appear that the PHNn have specific intrinsic properties that, in conjunction with network interconnections, enhance the persistent neural activity needed for their function.

Keywords
  • Action Potentials/physiology
  • Animals
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Female
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Male
  • Medulla Oblongata/ physiology
  • Membrane Potentials/ physiology
  • Models, Neurological
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Motor Neurons/physiology
  • Neurons, Afferent/ physiology
  • Oculomotor Nerve/ physiology
  • Periodicity
  • Vestibular Nuclei/physiology
Citation (ISO format)
IDOUX, Erwin et al. Oscillatory and intrinsic membrane properties of guinea pig nucleus prepositus hypoglossi neurons in vitro. In: Journal of neurophysiology, 2006, vol. 96, n° 1, p. 175–196. doi: 10.1152/jn.01355.2005
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ISSN of the journal0022-3077
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