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Power-sharing: Institutions, behavior, and peace

Bormann, Nils-Christian
Cederman, Lars-Erik
Gates, Scott
Graham, Benjamin A.
Strom, Kaare
Wucherpfennig, Julian
Published in American Journal of Political Science. 2019, vol. 63, no. 1, p. 84-100
Abstract Grievances that derive from the unequal treatment discrimination of ethnic groups are a key motivation for civil war. Ethnic power-sharing should therefore reduce the risk of internal conflict. Yet conflict researchers disagree on whether formal power-sharing institutions effectively prevent large-scale violence. We can improve our understanding of the effect of power-sharing institutions by analyzing the mechanisms under which they operate. To this effect, we compare the direct effect of formal power-sharing institutions on peace with their indirect effect through power-sharing behavior. Combining data on inclusive and territorially dispersive institutions with information on power-sharing behavior, we empirically assess this relationship on a global scale. Our causal mediation analysis reveals that formal power-sharing institutions affect the probability of ethnic conflict onset mostly through power-sharing behavior that these institutions induce.
Keywords Partage de pouvoirConflitsGuerre civileFédéralisme
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BORMANN, Nils-Christian et al. Power-sharing: Institutions, behavior, and peace. In: American Journal of Political Science, 2019, vol. 63, n° 1, p. 84-100. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:102667

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Deposited on : 2018-03-04

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