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Effects of prolonged bed rest on cardiovascular oxygen transport during submaximal exercise in humans

Girardis, M.
Antonutto, G.
Published in European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 1998, vol. 78, no. 5, p. 398-402
Abstract The hypothesis was tested that prolonged bed rest impairs O2 transport during exercise, which implies a lowering of cardiac output Qc and O2 delivery (QaO2). The following parameters were determined in five males at rest and at the steady-state of the 100-W exercise before (B) and after (A) 42-day bed rest with head-down tilt at -6 degrees: O2 consumption (VO2), by a standard open-circuit method; Qc, by the pressure pulse contour method, heart rate (fc), stroke volume (Qh), arterial O2 saturation, blood haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]), arterial O2 concentration (CaO2), and QaO2. The VO2 was the same in A and in B, as was the resting fc. The fc at 100 W was higher in A than in B (+17.5%). The Qh was markedly reduced (-27.7% and -22.2% at rest and 100 W, respectively). The Qc was lower in A than in B [-27.6% and -7.8% (NS) at rest and 100 W, respectively]. The CaO2 was lower in A than in B because of the reduction in [Hb]. Thus also QaO2 was lower in A than in B (-32.0% and -11.9% at rest and at 100 W, respectively). The present results would suggest a down-regulation of the O2 transport system after bed rest.
Keywords AdultBed RestBlood Gas AnalysisCardiac Output/ physiologyHumansMaleOxygen/ bloodPhysical Exertion/ physiologyTilt-Table TestTime Factors
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PMID: 9809839

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Deposited on : 2010-08-06

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