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Scientific article
English

Maximal instantaneous muscular power after prolonged bed rest in humans

Publication date2001
Abstract

A reduction in lower limb cross-sectional area (CSA) occurs after bed rest (BR). This should lead to an equivalent reduction in maximal instantaneous muscular power (W(p)) if the body segments' lengths remain unchanged. W(p) was determined during maximal jumps off both feet on a force platform before and on days 2, 6, 10, 32, and 48 after a 42-day duration BR. CSA of thigh muscles was measured by magnetic resonance imaging before and on day 5 after BR. Before BR, W(p) was 3.63 +/- 0.43 kW or 48.6 +/- 3.3 W/kg. On days 2 and 6 after BR, W(p) was reduced by 23.7 +/- 6.9 and 22.7 +/- 5.4% (P < 0.01), respectively. Thigh extensors CSA (CSAEXT) was 16.7 +/- 4.7% (P < 0.01) lower than before. When normalized per CSAEXT, W(p) was reduced by only 4.8 +/- 4.5% (P < 0.05). By day 48 of recovery, W(p) had returned to baseline values. Therefore, if W(p) is appropriately normalized for CSA of the extensor muscles, the reduction in CSAEXT explains most of the decrease in W(p) decrease after BR. Other factors such as a deficit in neural activation or a decrease in fiber-specific tension may account for only 5% of the W(p) loss after BR.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Anatomy, Cross-Sectional
  • Bed Rest/ adverse effects
  • Biomechanics
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Leg/physiopathology
  • Locomotion
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal/pathology/ physiopathology
  • Muscular Atrophy/etiology/pathology/ physiopathology
  • Thigh/pathology
  • Weightlessness Simulation
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
FERRETTI, Guido et al. Maximal instantaneous muscular power after prolonged bed rest in humans. In: Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology, 2001, vol. 90, n° 2, p. 431–435.
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ISSN of the journal0161-7567
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