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Tracheal agenesis: optimization of computed tomography diagnosis by airway ventilation

Cristallo Lacalamita, Marirosa
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Published in Pediatric radiology. 2018, vol. 48, no. 3, p. 427-432
Abstract Tracheal agenesis is a rare and often lethal congenital defect that leads to airway emergency at birth. Computed tomography (CT) is the modality of choice to evaluate anomalous tracheal anatomy. The absence of spontaneous aeration of the tracheobronchial tree in children with tracheal agenesis makes CT interpretation difficult. We describe a procedure of airway management applied in two newborns with suspected tracheal agenesis. Correct airway management was performed immediately prior to CT examination by airway ventilation, with bag-valve mask alone in one case, and attached to an endotracheal tube placed into the esophagus in the other case. The images allowed for classification of tracheal agenesis. Computed tomography with appropriate airway ventilation is fundamental for the diagnosis of tracheal agenesis.
Keywords Airway ventilationComputed tomographyNewbornTracheal agenesisTracheoesophageal fistula
PMID: 29147912
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Research groups Radiologie neuro-diagnostique et neuro-interventionnelle en pédiatrie (842)
Recherche clinique en chirurgie pédiatrique (886)
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CRISTALLO LACALAMITA, Marirosa et al. Tracheal agenesis: optimization of computed tomography diagnosis by airway ventilation. In: Pediatric Radiology, 2018, vol. 48, n° 3, p. 427-432. doi: 10.1007/s00247-017-4024-5 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:101430

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Deposited on : 2018-01-16

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