Scientific article

Sb(III) oxidation by iodate in seawater: A cautionary tale

Published inScience of the Total Environment, vol. 355, no. 1-3, p. 259-263
Publication date2006

Knowledge of antimony redox kinetics is crucial in understanding the impact and fate of antimony in the environment. The oxidation of Sb(III) with iodate was measured in 0.5 mol L−1 NaCl solutions as a function of pH at environmentally significant concentrations of antimony and iodate. The oxidation of Sb(III) with iodate is pH dependent: no measurable oxidation is observed below pH 9. The undissociated Sb(OH)3 does not react with iodate and the formation of significant amounts of Sb(OH)4− is needed for the reaction to take place. It is thus unlikely that iodate oxidizes Sb(III) in seawater. Our results support that the observed presence of the thermodynamically unstable Sb(III) in oxic waters can be due to the kinetic stabilization of the trivalent state vis-à-vis some common abiotic oxidants at natural pH values. However, caution must be exercised because the presence of iodate in seawater favours fast oxidation of Sb(III) if water samples are acidified, as is the case in many analytical procedures.

Citation (ISO format)
QUENTEL, F. et al. Sb(III) oxidation by iodate in seawater: A cautionary tale. In: Science of the Total Environment, 2006, vol. 355, n° 1-3, p. 259–263. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.01.048
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0048-9697

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