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Qarassa, vestiges d'une société à mégalithes dans le Leja en Syrie du Sud, entre 3600 et 3000 avant J.-C.

Published in Paléorient. 2017, vol. 43, no. 2, p. 91-113
Abstract During the Early Bronze Age I in the Southern Leja, the inhabitants of Qarassa took advantage of the solidified basalt flows, which could be easily dismantled into small blocks or large slabs, to build a variety of structures; they included double-apse houses, enclosures to protect their resources, and dolmens for their deceased. Besides the architectural knowledge necessary to manipulate slabs of rock weighting several tons, the adoption of plans for their monuments combined with innovations, as well as the study of artefact distribution, demonstrate that the inhabitants aimed to structure both domestic and funerary spaces, the latter being surprisingly not exclusively devoted to the dead. Despite the fact that the research carried out could not be sufficiently exhaustive due to the interruption of fieldwork, the few artefacts discovered as well as the evidence of destruction and reconfiguration of the structural assemblages indicate that the necropolis was actively used over several centuries. The inhabitants of Qarassa, through the varied forms given to their megalithic tombs and their layout (in lines or groups), could demonstrate their belonging to a family or a clan. This society presents all the characteristics of a hierarchized system, with patrons able to mobilise large groups of builders, as is evident from the wealth they produced and the monumental structures they built.
Keywords ArchéologiePréhistoireSyrieSyrie-Du-SudAge Du BronzeMegalithisme
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Research group Laboratory of Prehistoric Archeology and Anthropology
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STEIMER, Tara, BESSE, Marie. Qarassa, vestiges d'une société à mégalithes dans le Leja en Syrie du Sud, entre 3600 et 3000 avant J.-C. In: Paléorient, 2017, vol. 43, n° 2, p. 91-113. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:101040

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Deposited on : 2018-01-02

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