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Metabolism of oral glucose in children born small for gestational age: evidence for an impaired whole body glucose oxidation

Selz, Roxane
Tappy, Luc
Theintz, Gerald E
Published in Metabolism. 2004, vol. 53, no. 7, p. 847-51
Abstract Epidemiological studies indicate that intrauterine growth restriction confers an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in subsequent life. Several studies have further documented the presence of insulin resistance in young adults or adolescent children born small for gestational age. Since most studies addressed postpubertal individuals, and since puberty markedly affects energy metabolism, we evaluated the disposal of oral glucose in a group including mainly prepubertal and early pubertal children with intrauterine growth restriction and in healthy age- and weight-matched control children. All children had an evaluation of their body composition by skinfold thickness measurements. They were then studied in standardized conditions and received 4 consecutive hourly loads of 180 mg glucose/kg body weight to reach a near steady state. Energy expenditure and substrate oxidation were evaluated during the fourth hour by indirect calorimetry. Compared to both age- and weight-matched children, children born small for gestational age had lower stature. Their energy expenditure was not significantly decreased, but they had lower glucose oxidation rates. These results indicate that metabolic alterations are present early in children born small for gestational age, and are possibly related to alterations of body composition.
Keywords Adipose Tissue/physiologyAdolescentBlood Glucose/metabolismBody Composition/physiologyBody Height/physiologyBody Weight/physiologyChildEnergy Metabolism/physiologyFemaleFetal Growth Retardation/metabolismGlucose/metabolismHumansInfantNewbornInfantSmall for Gestational Age/metabolismLipid MetabolismMaleOxidation-Reduction
PMID: 15254875
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JORNAYVAZ, François et al. Metabolism of oral glucose in children born small for gestational age: evidence for an impaired whole body glucose oxidation. In: Metabolism, 2004, vol. 53, n° 7, p. 847-51.

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Deposited on : 2017-12-21

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