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The Heterogeneity of Ly6C(hi) Monocytes Controls Their Differentiation into iNOS(+) Macrophages or Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells

Menezes, Shinelle
Melandri, Daisy
Anselmi, Giorgio
Perchet, Thibaut
Loschko, Jakob
Patel, Rajen
Gautier, Emmanuel L
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Published in Immunity. 2016, vol. 45, no. 6, p. 1205-1218
Abstract Inflammation triggers the differentiation of Ly6C(hi) monocytes into microbicidal macrophages or monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs). Yet, it is unclear whether environmental inflammatory cues control the polarization of monocytes toward each of these fates or whether specialized monocyte progenitor subsets exist before inflammation. Here, we have shown that naive monocytes are phenotypically heterogeneous and contain an NR4A1- and Flt3L-independent, CCR2-dependent, Flt3(+)CD11c(-)MHCII(+)PU.1(hi) subset. This subset acted as a precursor for FcγRIII(+)PD-L2(+)CD209a(+), GM-CSF-dependent moDCs but was distal from the DC lineage, as shown by fate-mapping experiments using Zbtb46. By contrast, Flt3(-)CD11c(-)MHCII(-)PU.1(lo) monocytes differentiated into FcγRIII(+)PD-L2(-)CD209a(-)iNOS(+) macrophages upon microbial stimulation. Importantly, Sfpi1 haploinsufficiency genetically distinguished the precursor activities of monocytes toward moDCs or microbicidal macrophages. Indeed, Sfpi1(+/-) mice had reduced Flt3(+)CD11c(-)MHCII(+) monocytes and GM-CSF-dependent FcγRIII(+)PD-L2(+)CD209a(+) moDCs but generated iNOS(+) macrophages more efficiently. Therefore, intercellular disparities of PU.1 expression within naive monocytes segregate progenitor activity for inflammatory iNOS(+) macrophages or moDCs.
Keywords Adoptive TransferAnimalsAntigensLy/immunologyCell Differentiation/immunologyCell SeparationDendritic Cells/cytology/immunologyFlow CytometryMacrophages/cytology/immunologyMiceMonocytes/cytology/immunologyNitric Oxide Synthase Type II/immunologyOligonucleotide Array Sequence AnalysisPolymerase Chain Reaction
PMID: 28002729
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Research group Pathologie et immunologie (906)
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MENEZES, Shinelle et al. The Heterogeneity of Ly6C(hi) Monocytes Controls Their Differentiation into iNOS(+) Macrophages or Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells. In: Immunity, 2016, vol. 45, n° 6, p. 1205-1218. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2016.12.001 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:100331

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Deposited on : 2017-12-14

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