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Observation of Caroli–de Gennes–Matricon Vortex States in YBa2Cu3O7-δ

Published inPhysical Review Letters, vol. 119, no. 23, 237001
Publication date2017
Abstract

The copper oxides present the highest superconducting temperature and properties at odds with other compounds, suggestive of a fundamentally different superconductivity. In particular, the Abrikosov vortices fail to exhibit localized states expected and observed in all clean superconductors. We have explored the possibility that the elusive vortex-core signatures are actually present but weak. Combining local tunneling measurements with large-scale theoretical modeling, we positively identify the vortex states in YBa2Cu3O7-δ. We explain their spectrum and the observed variations thereof from one vortex to the next by considering the effects of nearby vortices and disorder in the vortex lattice. We argue that the superconductivity of copper oxides is conventional, but the spectroscopic signature does not look so because the superconducting carriers are a minority.

Citation (ISO format)
BERTHOD, Christophe et al. Observation of Caroli–de Gennes–Matricon Vortex States in YBa<sub>2</sub>Cu<sub>3</sub>O<sub>7-δ</sub>. In: Physical Review Letters, 2017, vol. 119, n° 23, p. 237001. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.237001
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ISSN of the journal0031-9007
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