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Scientific article
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English

Large scale structure formation with global topological defects a new formalism and its implementation by numerical simulations

Published inPhysical review. D. Particles and fields, vol. 53, p. 5394-5410
Publication date1996
Abstract

We investigate cosmological structure formation seeded by topological defects which may form during a phase transition in the early universe. First we derive a partially new, local and gauge invariant system of perturbation equations to treat microwave background and dark matter fluctuations induced by topological defects or any other type of seeds. We then show that this system is well suited for numerical analysis of structure formation by applying it to seeds induced by fluctuations of a global scalar field. Our numerical results are complementary to previous investigations since we use substantially different methods. The resulting microwave background fluctuations are compatible with older simulations. We also obtain a scale invariant spectrum of fluctuations with about the same amplitude. However, our dark matter results yield a smaller bias parameter compatible with b\sim 2 on a scale of 20 Mpc in contrast to previous work which yielded to large bias factors. Our conclusions are thus more positive. According to the aspects analyzed in this work, global topological defect induced fluctuations yield viable scenarios of structure formation and do better than standard CDM on large scales.

Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
DURRER, Ruth, ZHOU, Zhi-Hong. Large scale structure formation with global topological defects a new formalism and its implementation by numerical simulations. In: Physical review. D. Particles and fields, 1996, vol. 53, p. 5394–5410. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.53.5394
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ISSN of the journal0556-2821
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